Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Grant, Iris
Kesternich, Iris
Steckenleiter, Carina
Winter, Joachim
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
Discussion Paper No. 113
We analyze the long-term effects of gender imbalances on female labor force participation, in particular in the market for politicians. We exploit variation in sex ratios - the number of men divided by the number of women in a region - across Germany induced by WWII. In the 1990 elections, women were more likely to run for office in constituencies that had relatively fewer men in 1946. We do not find a significant effect of the sex ratio on the likelihood of a woman winning the election. These results suggest that while women were more likely to run for a seat in parliament in constituencies with lower historical sex ratios, voters were not more inclined to vote for them. Voter demand effects thus do not appear to be as strong as candidate supply effects.
female politicians
gender stereotypes
occupational choice
sex imbalance
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
515.35 kB

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.