Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/185530
Authors: 
Koch, Michael
Smolka, Marcel
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 7332
Abstract: 
We conduct an empirical investigation into the effects of foreign ownership on worker skills using firm-level data from Spain. To control for endogeneity bias due to selection into foreign ownership, we combine a difference-in-differences approach with a propensity score weighting estimator. Our results provide novel evidence that foreign-acquired firms actively raise the skills of their workforce in response to the acquisition by hiring high-skilled workers and providing worker training. To pin down the mechanism, we exploit unique information on whether firms use their foreign parent in exporting to foreign markets. Our results suggest a fundamental role for market access through the foreign parent in explaining skill upgrading in foreign-acquired firms. We reveal substantial productivity gains within foreign-acquired firms and we show that these gains derive from a concurrent effort to raise worker skills and adopt more advanced technology, suggesting a skill bias in technological innovations. We develop a simple theoretical model of foreign ownership featuring technology-skill complementarities in production that can rationalize our findings.
Subjects: 
multinational enterprises
mergers and acquisitions
skill-biased technological change
worker training
productivity
JEL: 
D22
D24
F23
G34
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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