Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/185360
Authors: 
Cornelissen, Thomas
Dustmann, Christian
Raute, Anna Christina
Schönberg, Uta
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 7162
Abstract: 
In this paper, we examine the heterogeneous treatment effects of a universal child care (preschool) program in Germany by exploiting the exogenous variation in attendance caused by a reform that led to a large staggered expansion across municipalities. Drawing on novel administrative data from the full population of compulsory school entry examinations, we find that children with lower (observed and unobserved) gains are more likely to select into child care than children with higher gains. This pattern of reverse selection on gains is driven by unobserved family background characteristics: children from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to attend child care than children from advantaged backgrounds but have larger treatment effects because of their worse outcome when not enrolled in child care.
Subjects: 
universal child care
child development
marginal treatment effects
JEL: 
J13
J15
I28
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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