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Autoren: 
Bell, Brian
Costa, Rui
Machin, Stephen
Datum: 
2018
Reihe/Nr.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 11805
Zusammenfassung: 
Prior research shows reduced criminality to be a beneficial consequence of education policies that raise the school leaving age. This paper studies how crime reductions occurred in a sequence of state-level dropout age reforms enacted between 1980 and 2010 in the United States. These reforms changed the shape of crime-age profiles, reflecting both a temporary incapacitation effect and a more sustained, longer run crime reducing effect. In contrast to the previous research looking at earlier US education reforms, crime reduction does not arise solely as a result of education improvements, and so the observed longer run effect is interpreted as dynamic incapacitation. Additional evidence based on longitudinal data combined with an education reform from a different setting in Australia corroborates the finding of dynamic incapacitation underpinning education policy-induced crime reduction.
Schlagwörter: 
crime age profiles
school dropout
compulsory schooling laws
JEL: 
I2
K42
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper

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