Hohenheim Discussion Papers in Business, Economics and Social Sciences No. 26-2018
Mercantilist theories and policies in early capitalism have been criticized for confusing microeconomic and macroeconomic sources of wealth, for misunderstanding the benefits of free trade, and for overrating the role of money. This paper aims to reconstruct the rationality of mercantilism as an efficient strategy of economic development. It presents a critical assessment of David Hume's specie flow mechanism that counts as a major rebuttal of mercantilism and collects insights of early writers into the working of a monetary economy.
trade war trade surplus specie flow mechanism bank reserves development