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dc.contributor.authorKaiser, Lutz C.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn 14 member states of the European Union, women?s relative to men?s levels of job satisfaction are compared by using data of the European Household Community Panel. The countries under consideration can be assigned to three different groups. Denmark, Finland and the Netherlands do not show significant gender-job satisfaction differences. In contrast, in Portugal men are more satisfied with their jobs than women. However, in the vast majority of the investigated countries female workers show a significantly higher level of job satisfaction. As the majority of women are disadvantaged compared to men in the labor market, the findings clearly demonstrate a gender-job satisfaction paradox in these countries. From this point of view, only Denmark, Finland and the Netherlands display gender-job satisfaction equality. The results suggest that objective (socio-economic and institutional) determinants of labor market statuses and subjective (assessed and evaluated) perspectives are mutually complementary. The more restrictive the labor market access and process is for women, the more likely a gender-job satisfaction paradox is to emerge in any country. With regard to the process of labor market modernization, the results support the hypotheses that equal opportunities for women and men like in Scandinavian countries and also partially in the Netherlands implicate that the gender-job satisfaction paradox does not appear anymore due to a fading-out process over past decades.en_US
dc.publisher|aDeutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) |cBerlinen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries|aDIW Discussion Papers |x537en_US
dc.subject.keywordcross-national comparisonen_US
dc.subject.keywordgender-job satisfaction paradoxen_US
dc.subject.keywordlabor supplyen_US
dc.subject.keywordlabor market modernizationen_US
dc.titleGender-Job Satisfaction Differences across Europe: An Indicator for Labor Market Modernizationen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US

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