Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/183467
Authors: 
Blix, Mårten
Jeansson, Johanna
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
IFN Working Paper No. 1238
Abstract: 
We study the political effects of mass emigration to the United States in the 19th century using data from Sweden. To instrument for total emigration over several decades, we exploit severe local frost shocks that sparked an initial wave of emigration, interacted with within-country travel costs. Our estimates show that emigration substantially increased the local demand for political change, as measured by labor movement membership, strike participation and voting. Emigration also led to de facto political change, increasing welfare expenditures as well as the likelihood of adopting more inclusive political institutions.
Subjects: 
Primary health care
Telemedicine
Welfare state
Digitalization
Privatization
Outsourcing
JEL: 
H75
I11
I18
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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