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Bratsiotis, George
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This paper examines the role of precautionary liquidity (reserves) and the inter- est on reserves as two potential determinants of the deposits channel that can help explain the role of monetary policy, particularly at the near zero-bound. Through the deposits channel either of these two determinants can explain a number of e¤ects including, (i) zero-bound optimal policy rates, (ii) a negative deposit rate spread, but also (iii) determinacy at the lower-zero bound. Similarly, through its effects on the deposits channel the interest on reserves can act as the main tool of monetary policy, that is shown to provide higher welfare gains than a simple Taylor rule. This result is shown to hold at the zero-bound and it is independent of precautionary liquidity, or the fiscal theory of the price level.
Deposits channel
zero-bound monetary policy
excess reserves
credit risk
balance sheet channel
interest on reserves
required reserve ratio
DSGE models
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