Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/180688
Authors: 
Rzepka, Sylvi
Year of Publication: 
2018
Citation: 
[Journal:] Education Economics [ISSN:] 1469-5782 [Volume:] 26 [Issue:] 4 [Pages:] 411-431
Abstract: 
In this paper, I assess labor market returns of a substantial skill upgrade: college enrollment of the vocationally trained, non-traditional students who do not have the formal entry requirement. Using propensity-score adjusted regressions and the National Educational Panel Study, I find that these enrollees face high opportunity costs as they forgo earnings during the enrollment period. In the long-run, enrollees tend to obtain higher cumulative earnings than those who continue with a vocational training-based career, but, there is a large degree of uncertainty. On the positive side, enrollees attain jobs with a higher reputation in society, hinting at sizable non-monetary returns.
Subjects: 
Non-traditional students
vocational training
tertiary education
Germany
JEL: 
I21
I25
J24
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Document Type: 
Article
Document Version: 
Published Version
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