Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 249
This study explores how domestic violence and female employment interact and impact female economic empowerment in developing economies. Using micro data data from 35 countries (Central Africa, West Africa, East Africa, South Asia, Central Asia, and Southeast Asia, Middle East & North Africa, and Latin America), the effect of women’s employment on reported domestic violence is estimated. An instrumental Variables technique is used to correct for the potential endogeneity of women’s employment, which might bias the relationship between employment and domestic violence. The study also attempts to do an in-depth analyses on the linkage between types of domestic violence and break down results by region. Without taking endogeneity into account, the estimation suggests that woman’s employment increases violence by her spouse. After controlling for endogeneity, these results turn out to be the opposite, which suggests that women’s employment status has a negative influence on domestic violence. Breaking down the estimation by region shows that women’s employment decreases domestic violence in all regions except Latin America and East Africa. Differentiating by employment type shows that women working in agricultural occupations experience more marital abuse.
Domestic violence Female Employment Developing countries