Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/179392
Authors: 
Yamamura, Eiji
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
EERI Research Paper Series 13/2016
Abstract: 
I examined the extent to which education levels in the 19th century have shaped current norms, which influence individuals' present-day non-cognitive skills and perceptions of life. Cross-country, individual-level data were compared with each country's average years of schooling in 1870. After controlling for various country-level and individual characteristics, the key findings were as follows: (1) people in countries with high historical education levels place importance on hard work, ambition, and education; (2) people in countries with high historical education levels tend to show perseverance and have a sense of responsibility.
Subjects: 
Historical education level
norms
non-cognitive skills
JEL: 
I25
D83
Z13
N30
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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