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Jalam, Usman Aliyu
Jalam, Abdurrahman Aliyu
Sale, Ibrahim M.
Balewa, Abubakar Tafawa
Job, Olorunmeye Fredrick
Year of Publication: 
[Journal:] Economic and Environmental Studies (E&ES) [ISSN:] 2081-8319 [Volume:] 16 [Year:] 2016 [Issue:] 4 [Pages:] 673-685
Efforts from laboratory experiments and some practical approaches show that several building materials can be derived from agricultural waste and be used as partial or complete replacement of conventional building materials. These efforts however have not completely provided the solution for the need of alternative building materials. This is due to the lack of generalised information on the development of the materials, which most often test few properties of the materials, and without any meaningful studies of the economic implication of the innovations. This research work was aimed to establish whether there is cost benefit in utilising building materials derived from agricultural waste or not, and to what extent if any? The cost of utilising Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), Rice Husk Ash (RHA), and Oil Palm Shell (OPS) in concrete, sandcrete blocks, bonding and plaster mortars was then evaluated. The cost was arrived at by adopting the actual cost of the material by volume and multiplying it by the actual quantity by volume used. The study discovered that 41% cost reduction in mass concrete is the highest cost saving while 12% in plaster mortar is the lowest. An overall cost saving of about 24% in the total cost of materials recorded. However, the study discovered that overall cost saving is dependent on the distance of the agricultural waste from production or construction site. Lack of readily available appropriate technology for processing some of the agricultural waste to building material was identified as a major challenge.
Agricultural Waste
Sustainable Materials
Lightweight Construction
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