Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/177759
Authors: 
Bolatto, Stefano
Naghavi, Alireza
Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P.
Zajc Kejžar, Katja
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
Quaderni - Working Paper DSE 1105
Abstract: 
This paper introduces the concept of intangible assets in sequential supply chains and the importance of their appropriability in the organizational decision of firms. We focus on the quality of intellectual property rights (IPR) institutions, which on top of the hold-up problem between a supplier and the final producer entails an additional risk of imitation as technology may leak to competing producers in the market. The level of IPR enforcement in the location of a supplier can therefore play a crucial role in determining the decision of a final good producer whether to outsource or integrate a particular stage of production. The analysis is performed with Antràs and Chor (2013) in the background, where the position of the input along the supply chain, i.e. its upstreamness, and the degree of sequential complementarity of stage-specific inputs influence the organizational strategy of firms through the incentive structure of supplier investments. Our findings show that introducing intangible assets in sequential supply chain may have the opposite effect of contractibility on outsourcing decision, where only tangible property rights are considered. We argue therefore that the risk of imitation is a relevant feature that needs to be accounted for in the incomplete contract literature. Our theoretical predictions are validated on Slovenian firm-level data.
Subjects: 
Sequential production
Intellectual property
Intangible assets
Appropriability
Stage complementarity
Upstreamness
Firm organization
Outsourcing
Integration
JEL: 
F12
F14
F21
F23
D23
L22
L23
L24
O34
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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