Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/176894
Authors: 
Griffiths, Patrick
Müller, Daniel
Kuemmerle, Tobias
Hostert, Patrick
Year of Publication: 
2013
Citation: 
[Journal:] Environmental Research Letters [ISSN:] 1748-9326 [Volume:] 8 [Year:] 2013 [Issue:] 4 [Pages:] 1-12
Abstract: 
Widespread changes of agricultural land use occurred in Eastern Europe since the collapse of socialism and the European Union’s eastward expansion, but the rates and patterns of recent land changes remain unclear. Here we assess agricultural land change for the entire Carpathian ecoregion in Eastern Europe at 30 m spatial resolution with Landsat data and for two change periods, between 1985–2000 and 2000–2010. The early period is characterized by post-socialist transition processes, the late period by an increasing influence of EU politics in the region. For mapping and change detection, we use a machine learning approach (random forests) on image composites and variance metrics which were derived from the full decadal archive of Landsat imagery. Our results suggest that cropland abandonment was the most prevalent change process, but we also detected considerable areas of grassland conversion and forest expansion on non-forest land. Cropland abandonment was most extensive during the transition period and predominantly occurred in marginal areas with low suitability for agriculture. Conversely, we observed substantial recultivation of formerly abandoned cropland in high-value agricultural areas since 2000. Hence, market forces increasingly adjust socialist legacies of land expansive production and agricultural land use clusters in favorable areas while marginal lands revert to forest.
Subjects: 
Europe
land use change
agricultural abandonment
fallow land
recultivation
grassland conversion
forest expansion
remote sensing
image compositing
Landsat
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Document Type: 
Article
Document Version: 
Published Version

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