Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/176334
Authors: 
Pfaff, Alexander S. P.
Robalino, Juan
Reis, Eustaquio J.
Walker, Robert
Perz, Stephen
Laurance, William
Bohrer, Claudio
Aldrich, Steven
Arima, Eugenio
Caldas, Marcellus
Kirby, Kathryn R.
Year of Publication: 
2018
Citation: 
[Journal:] Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal [ISSN:] 1864-6042 [Volume:] 12 [Year:] 2018 [Issue:] 2018-11 [Pages:] 1-26
Abstract: 
To reduce SDG tradeoffs in infrastructure provision, and to inform searches for SDG synergies, the authors show that roads' impacts on Brazilian Amazon forests varied significantly across frontiers. Impacts varied predictably with prior development - prior roads and prior deforestation - and, further, in a pattern that suggests a potential synergy for roads between forests and urban growth. For multiple periods of roads investments, the authors estimate forest impacts for high, medium and low prior roads and deforestation. For each setting, census-tract observations are numerous. Results confirm predictions for this kind of frontier of a pattern not consistent with endogeneity, i.e., short-run forest impacts of new roads are: small for relatively high prior development; larger for medium prior development; and small for low prior development (for the latter setting, impacts in such isolated areas could rise over time, depending on interactions with conservation policies). These Amazonian results suggest 'SDG strategic' locations for infrastructure, an idea the authors note for other frontiers while highlighting major differences across frontiers and their SDG opportunities.
Subjects: 
Deforestation
roads
infrastructure
climate change
biodiversity
Brazil
Amazon
JEL: 
O12
O13
H23
H41
Q23
Q24
Q56
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Document Type: 
Article

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