I examine how changes in the receipt of social transfers benefits associated to program reforms have affected the Canadian income distribution over the 1996-2006 period. Using the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, I apply nonparametric decomposition methods to construct density counterfactuals that identify the distributive effects of each transfer program. Counterfactual densities are constructed by reweighting the income distribution with propensity score functions that reflect changes in the probability of receiving program benefits. I find that reforms to the Social Assistance program have reduced its redistributive effectiveness, whereas Child Benefits, Employment Insurance and Old Age Security are more redistributive than in 1996.
Redistribution income inequality tax and transfer system nonparametric methods