We consider a carbon emissions tax announced today, but implemented after a known time-lag. Before implementation, the announcement induces higher emissions than without intervention. In welfare terms, this adverse announcement effect could more than outweigh the gain after tax implementation. We quantify a ‘critical lag’ such that a shorter (longer) implementation lag is a welfare gain (loss) over nointervention. We identify resource scarcity as the main driver for a short critical lag. The model is a global Ramsey Model extended by an exhaustible carbon resource and linked to a climate model.
Climate Policy Announcement Effect Dynamic General Equilibrium Non-renewable Resource Backstop Green Paradox Welfare Evaluation