Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/171519
Authors: 
Winkler, Ralph
Year of Publication: 
2007
Series/Report no.: 
Economics Working Paper Series 07/76
Abstract: 
In this paper we investigate the reasons why integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) fail to achieve their conservation goals. We develop a bio-economic model of open access land and wildlife exploitation, which is consistent with many farming and hunting societies living in close proximity to forest reserves in developing countries. We show that the ICDP creates incentives to conserve habitat and wildlife, but, in general, the socially optimal level of conservation cannot be achieved, because of externalities among the local communities. We show how a social planner can achieve the socially optimal levels of habitat and wildlife by a more encompassing tax/subsidy regime.
Subjects: 
bio-economic modelling
competing land-use
ecotourism
integrated conservation and development projects
poaching
wildlife and habitat conservation
JEL: 
Q56
O13
H23
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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