Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/169100
Authors: 
Manafi, Ioana
Marinescu, Daniela
Roman, Monica
Hemming, Karen
Year of Publication: 
2017
Citation: 
[Journal:] Amfiteatru Economic Journal [ISSN:] 2247-9104 [Volume:] 19 [Year:] 2017 [Issue:] 46 [Pages:] 711-726
Abstract: 
During the past decade, Europe was confronted with major changes and events offering large opportunities for mobility. The EU enlargement process, the EU policies regarding youth, the economic crisis affecting national economies on different levels, political instabilities in some European countries, high rates of unemployment or the increasing number of refugees are only a few of the factors influencing net migration in Europe. Based on a set of socio-economic indicators for EU/EFTA countries and cluster analysis, the paper provides an overview of regional differences across European countries, related to migration magnitude in the identified clusters. The obtained clusters are in accordance with previous studies in migration, and appear stable during the period of 2005-2013, with only some exceptions. The analysis revealed three country clusters: EU/EFTA center-receiving countries, EU/EFTA periphery-sending countries and EU/EFTA outlier countries, the names suggesting not only the geographical position within Europe, but the trends in net migration flows during the years. Therewith, the results provide evidence for the persistence of a movement from periphery to center countries, which is correlated with recent flows of mobility in Europe.
Subjects: 
mobility/migration
cluster analysis
migration patterns
sending/receiving countries
JEL: 
J61
F22
C38
R23
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Document Type: 
Article

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