Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/168456
Authors: 
Löffler, Konstantin
Hainsch, Karlo
Burandt, Thorsten
Oei, Pao-Yu
Kemfert, Claudia
von Hirschhausen, Christian
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
DIW Discussion Papers 1678
Abstract: 
This paper develops a path for the global energy system up to 2050, presenting a new application of the open source energy systems model OSeMOSYS to the community. It allows quite disaggregate energy and emission analysis: GENeSYS-MOD (Global Energy System Model) uses a system of linear equations of the energy system to search for lowestcost solutions for a secure energy supply, given externally defined constraints, mainly in terms of CO2-emissions. The General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) version of OSeMOSYS is updated to the newest version and, in addition, extended and enhanced to include e.g. a modal split for transport, an improved trading system, and changes to storages. The model can be scaled from small-scale applications, e.g. a company, to cover the global energy system. The paper also includes an application of GENeSYS-MOD to analyze decarbonization scenarios at the global level, broken down into 10 regions. Its main focus is on interdependencies between traditionally segregated sectors: electricity, transportation, and heating. Model calculations suggests that in order to achieve the 1.5ê-2ê C target, a combination of renewable energy sources provides the lowest-cost solution, solar photovoltaic being the dominant source. Average costs of electricity generation in 2050 are about 4 €cents/kWh (excluding infrastructure and transportation costs).
Subjects: 
Energy System Modeling
Decarbonization
OSeMOSYS
GENeSYS-MOD
Renewables
Energy Policy
Energy Transformation
JEL: 
C61
Q4
L9
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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