Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/163426
Authors: 
Monteiro, José-Antonio
Teh, Robert
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
WTO Staff Working Paper ERSD-2017-11
Abstract: 
This paper reviews the different types of provisions explicitly addressing electronic commerce (e-commerce) in regional trade agreements (RTAs). The analysis covers the 275 RTAs currently in force and notified to the WTO as of May 2017. The analysis shows that e-commerce provisions have become increasingly more detailed but remain highly heterogeneous. The most common types of e-commerce provisions refer to the promotion of e-commerce, cooperation activities and the moratorium on customs duties. Other e-commerce provisions concern the domestic legal framework as well as more specific issues, such as electronic authentication, consumer protection, personal information protection and paperless trading.
Subjects: 
Regional Trade Agreements
Electronic Commerce
E-commerce
JEL: 
F13
F15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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