Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/163070
Authors: 
De Melo, Jaime
Nouar, Mariem
Solleder, Jean-Marc
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
WIDER Working Paper 2017/103
Abstract: 
This paper reviews integration among the eight African Regional Economic Communities by comparing their characteristics and progress with three other South-South Regional Integration Arrangements. Three conclusions emerge: (i) slow progress towards meeting overly ambitious objectives; (ii) small changes in the destination of trade across all Regional Economic Communities, indicative of persistent high trade costs and few new manufactures products destined for geographically close markets; and (iii) compared with other South-South Regional Integration Arrangements, the Regional Economic Communities include a high number of provisions not covered in Word Trade Organization negotiations, but these have low legal enforceability. Reasons for this slow progress are explored in the paper.
Subjects: 
gravity model
Regional Economic Communities
Regional Integration Arrangements
trade costs
JEL: 
F13
F55
F63
ISBN: 
978-92-9256-327-1
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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