Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/163042
Authors: 
Bargain, Olivier
Kwenda-Magejo, Prudence
Ntuli, Miracle
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
WIDER Working Paper 2017/71
Abstract: 
This paper applies recent developments in collective model estimation to elicit the household resource sharing rule, i.e. the amount of household resources accruing to fathers, mothers, and their children among African families in South Africa. We use the 2010/11 South African Income and Expenditure Survey as it contains exclusive goods, i.e. goods consumed by specific household members, to be used for identification. We rely on a collective model of household consumption that accounts for (potentially unequal) resource sharing and jointness in consumption (generating economies of scale). Results indicate that men tend to receive more than women (even if imprecise estimates make the difference statistically insignificant) and there is a sharp gender differential in terms of poverty. Ignoring economies of scale leads to an overestimation of poverty among adult men and women living with others. Children's resource shares are in line with international standards but household resources are relatively low among African families so that ignoring intrahousehold allocation leads to an underestimation of child poverty.
Subjects: 
collective model
sharing rule
economies of scale
individual poverty
South Africa
JEL: 
D11
D12
D3
I31
J12
ISBN: 
978-92-9256-295-3
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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