Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/162797
Authors: 
Otterbach, Steffen
Rogan, Michael
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
Hohenheim Discussion Papers in Business, Economics and Social Sciences 13-2017
Abstract: 
One explanation for the increasing prevalence of stunting in South Africa over the past 15 years while other development indicators have improved is that Big Food retail chains have been contributing to a low quality diet across the country, particularly in poor urban households. We thus use nationally representative longitudinal data (2008-2014) to trace 6 years of stunting's evolution among South African children, adolescents, and young adults aged 0-19, with particular attention to how the prevalence of under-nutrition differs between urban and rural areas and how the drivers of poor nutrition vary spatially. The results of our random-effects logistic regressions on the nutritional impact of household agricultural production suggest that, conditional on household income, subsistence farming is associated with a lower probability of stunting. Even more important, although under-nutrition retains a strong spatial component, once observable differences in living standards are controlled for, the higher tendency for children in deep rural households to suffer from (severe) stunting reverses.
Subjects: 
stunting
height for age
malnutrition
anthropometric measures
subsistence farming
nutritional inequality
South Africa
JEL: 
I14
I15
O15
O18
O55
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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