Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/162703
Authors: 
Ciani, Andrea
Imbruno, Michele
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
DICE Discussion Paper 255
Abstract: 
This paper studies how the presence of multinational enterprises affects the export performance of Bulgarian manufacturing firms - Export spillovers from FDI. Using export data at the firm/product/destination level for the period 2004-2006, we find positive forward spillover on export value and quantity, related to quality upgrading. Conversely, we find negative (or insignificant) backward and horizontal spillover on export flows, related to quality downgrading. When aggregating data at the firm level and considering that a firm can operate in several sectors, we show that the presence of foreign input suppliers allows domestic firms to export additional varieties of lower quality and upgrade the average quality of existing varieties, whereas the presence of foreign customers generates the opposite effect.
Subjects: 
Export spillover
FDI
Multi-product firms
Unit value
Quality
JEL: 
F14
F23
F61
ISBN: 
978-3-86304-254-7
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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