[Editor:] Weresa, M.A. [Title:] Poland. Competitiveness Report 2017, 1st edition [Publisher:] Warsaw School of Economics [Place:] Warsaw [Pages:] 147-160 [ISBN:] 978-83-8030-161-0
The purpose of this chapter is to assess the change tendencies in human resources in Poland as a factor of economic competitiveness in the period 2010-2016. Human resources constitute an important factor of international competitiveness of the national economy (see e.g. Stroh and Caligiuri, 1998; Williamsz, 2006; Carayannis and Grigoroudis, 2014). Productivity of human resources and equipment of the economy in human resources translate immediately into the ability of the national economy to innovate and attract foreign direct investments. The relationship between the state of human resources in Poland in the period 2010-2016 and the international competitiveness of the Polish economy in that period constitutes the research problem of the following work. Compared to the previous studies in the series called “Poland. Report on Competitiveness” prepared every year at the World Economy Research Institute of the Warsaw School of Economics (SGH), this year’s report pays more attention to migration tendencies affecting human resources in Poland in the period 2010-2016. The analysis conducted in this chapter covers the most important aspects of changes in human resources in the Polish economy, such as demographic trends, changes in employment and the level of unemployment, growth in wages and salaries and labour productivity. The main focus is on describing the current migration tendencies affecting human resources in Poland.