[Journal:] IZA World of Labor [ISSN:] 2054-9571 [Year:] 2017 [Article No.:] 363
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn
Environmental regulations are typically considered to be a drag on the economy. However, improved environmental quality may actually enhance productivity by creating a healthier workforce. Evidence suggests that improvements in air quality lead to improvements in worker productivity across a range of sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing, and the service sectors. These effects also arise at levels of air quality that are below pollution thresholds in countries with the highest levels of environmental regulation. The findings suggest a new approach for understanding the consequences of environmental regulations.
air pollution worker productivity environmental policy