Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/161205
Authors: 
Martini, Alberto
Rettore, Enrico
Barbetta, Gianpaolo
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10582
Abstract: 
Lavoro&Psiche is a RCT aimed at increasing employment among severely mentally ill patients, by offering them a structured job-search experience. The key feature of the treatment was the presence of a "job coach" entirely dedicated to support the job search of a small number (12-13) of mentally ill patients. What most often the job coach did was finding the patient a traineeship. If one were to consider only the effect of making the support of the coach available the so-called Intention-To-Treat effect it would be a disappointing statistically non significant 5 percentage point difference in the employment of treatment and control members, in the full post-treatment year. However, the impact of making something available is rarely the primary interest of policy-makers, who would rather know the effect of receiving it. The main difficulty in obtaining unbiased estimates of the latter is that 'who receives what' is no longer solely determined by randomization, but also by post-randomization events and decisions. During the implementation period of Lavoro&Psiche of 2011-12, an unprecedented wave of traineeship opportunities hit those enrolled in the demonstration, both in the experimental and in the control group. The main finding is that, for the subset of the experimental group that was induced by the offer to be involved in a traineeship the chances of having a job in the post-treatment year more than double from the 17% of those who did not do any traineeship to the 34% of those who did, well above the Intention-To-Treat impact estimates.
Subjects: 
mental illness
RCT
traineeships
ITT
tests for selection bias
placebo tests
instrumental variables
JEL: 
J78
J48
J38
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
1.42 MB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.