Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/161128
Authors: 
Olivetti, Claudia
Petrongolo, Barbara
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10505
Abstract: 
We draw lessons from existing work and our own analysis on the effects of parental leave and other interventions aimed at aiding families. The outcomes of interest are female employment, gender gaps in earnings and fertility. We begin with a discussion of the historical introduction of family policies ever since the end of the nineteenth century and then turn to the details regarding family policies currently in effect across high-income nations. We sketch a framework concerning the effects of family policy to motivate our country- and micro-level evidence on the impact of family policies on gender outcomes. Most estimates of the impact of parental leave entitlement on female labor market outcomes range from negligible to weakly positive. The verdict is far more positive for the beneficial impact of spending on early education and childcare.
Subjects: 
parental leave
childcare
family policies
gender gaps
JEL: 
J13
J16
J18
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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