García, Jorge Luis Heckman, James J. Leaf, Duncan Ermini Prados, Maria José
Year of Publication:
IZA Discussion Papers 10456
This paper estimates the long-term benefits from an influential early childhood program targeting disadvantaged families. The program was evaluated by random assignment and followed participants through their mid-30s. It has substantial beneficial impacts on health, children's future labor incomes, crime, education, and mothers' labor incomes, with greater monetized benefits for males. Lifetime returns are estimated by pooling multiple data sets using testable economic models. The overall rate of return is 13.7% per annum, and the benefit/cost ratio is 7.3. These estimates are robust to numerous sensitivity analyses.
childcare early childhood education long-term predictions gender differences in responses to programs health quality of life randomized trials substitution bias