Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/160905
Authors: 
Kim, Hwanjoon
Year of Publication: 
2000
Series/Report no.: 
LIS Working Paper Series 233
Abstract: 
A standard analysis of the anti-poverty effect of taxes and income transfers is to compare pre-tax-transfer poverty and post-tax-transfer poverty. A critical shortcoming of the standard approach is that it treats pre-tax-transfer poverty as given and ignores potential effects of taxes and transfers on pre-tax-transfer poverty. Using cross-national variation, this study examines potential endogeniety of pre-tax-transfer poverty. The results suggest that both the generosity and efficiency of the tax/transfer system may influence the level of pre-tax-transfer poverty. If this is true, the standard approach overestimates the anti-poverty effectiveness of generous and/or targeted welfare systems.
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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