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Autoren: 
Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens
Pape, Markus
Datum: 
2011
Quellenangabe: 
[Journal:] Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research [ISSN:] 2510-5027 [Volume:] 44 [Year:] 2011 [Issue:] 3 [Pages:] 279-292
Zusammenfassung: 
We analyze unemployment dynamics for Germany on a regional basis by means of an approximate factor model. We first estimate the number of factors corresponding to the number of cycles. At least for the pre-'Hartz' reform data we find strong evidence for more than just one dynamic labor market cycle present in German regions. Thus, labor market dynamics are driven by more than a single nationwide business cycle. Next, we look for regional partitions reflecting the different cycles best. Our results indicate pronounced differences between East and West Germany for 1997 to 2004 and ongoing but reduced differences between 2005 and 2010. A convergence process is found to have taken place up until late 2001. There is evidence for the differences observed before 2004 to be driven by active labor market policy, which thus had a volatility-increasing effect on the labor market.
Schlagwörter: 
Arbeitslosigkeit
regionale Verteilung
Arbeitslosigkeitsentwicklung - Determinanten
Hartz-Reform - Auswirkungen
regionaler Vergleich
ökonomische Faktoren
Konjunkturabhängigkeit
institutionelle Faktoren
Arbeitsmarktpolitik
Ostdeutschland
Westdeutschland
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
JEL: 
C23
E24
E32
J08
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Dokumentart: 
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