[Journal:] Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung – Journal for Labour Market Research [ISSN:] 2510-5027 [Volume:] 44 [Year:] 2011 [Issue:] 1/2 [Pages:] 155-161
This article studies the role of collective bargaining coverage for the relationship between wages and firm-specific performance. The empirical evidence based upon German linked employer-employee data provides support for the hypothesis that industry-level contracts suppress firm wage differentials that arise from firm-specific profitability conditions. Addressing the role of the frequency of shocks to firm performance, the evidence further suggests that the insensitivity of wages to firm-specific productivity fluctuations is mainly driven by the insulation of wages from transitory shocks. For permanent shocks, however, the evidence points to somewhat more flexible wages as - at least at large employers - wages are found to significantly respond to permanent productivity fluctuations. As to the role of firm heterogeneity in a given industry, the empirical results also show that under industry-level bargaining workers in more heterogeneous sectors receive lower wages than workers in more homogeneous sectors. This may be interpreted as evidence that centralised unions internalise negative implications of a compressed industry wage structure for below-average performing firms.
Flächentarifvertrag Tarifbindung Lohnflexibilität Unternehmen Lohnhöhe - Anpassung Betrieb Lohnelastizität Betriebsrente Wettbewerbsfähigkeit Wirtschaftlichkeit Wirtschaftszweige Produktivität Produktivitätsunterschied Unternehmenserfolg Öffnungsklausel Firmentarifvertrag Tarifpolitik IAB-Linked-Employer-Employee-Datensatz