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[Journal:] Journal of Industrial Engineering International [ISSN:] 2251-712X [Volume:] 12 [Publisher:] Springer [Place:] Heidelberg [Year:] 2016 [Pages:] 529-544
Springer, Heidelberg
This paper develops an MILP model, named Satisfactory-Green Vehicle Routing Problem. It consists of routing a heterogeneous fleet of vehicles in order to serve a set of customers within predefined time windows. In this model in addition to the traditional objective of the VRP, both the pollution and customers' satisfaction have been taken into account. Meanwhile, the introduced model prepares an effective dashboard for decision-makers that determines appropriate routes, the best mixed fleet, speed and idle time of vehicles. Additionally, some new factors evaluate the greening of each decision based on three criteria. This model applies piecewise linear functions (PLFs) to linearize a nonlinear fuzzy interval for incorporating customers' satisfaction into other linear objectives. We have presented a mixed integer linear programming formulation for the S-GVRP. This model enriches managerial insights by providing trade-offs between customers' satisfaction, total costs and emission levels. Finally, we have provided a numerical study for showing the applicability of the model.
Green vehicle routing problem (GVRP)
Customer satisfaction
Time windows
Piecewise linear functions (PLFs)
Sustainable logistics
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