Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/157381
Authors: 
Abeliansky, Ana
Prettner, Klaus
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
Discussion Papers, Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research 310
Abstract: 
We analyze the effects of declining population growth on automation. A simple theoretical model of capital accumulation predicts that countries with lower population growth introduce automation technologies earlier. We test the theoretical prediction on panel data for 60 countries over the time span 1993-2013. Regression estimates support the theoretical prediction, suggesting that a 1% increase in population growth is associated with an approximately 2% reduction in the growth rate of robot density. Our results are robust to the inclusion of standard control variables, different estimation methods, dynamic specifications, and changes to the measurement of the stock of robots.
Subjects: 
automation
industrial robots
demographic change
population growth
declining labor force
economic growth
JEL: 
J11
O14
O33
O40
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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