Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/157336
Authors: 
Albig, Hanne
Clemens, Marius
Fichtner, Ferdinand
Gebauer, Stefan
Junker, Simon
Kholodilin, Konstantin
Year of Publication: 
2017
Citation: 
[Journal:] DIW Economic Bulletin [ISSN:] 2192-7219 [Volume:] 7 [Year:] 2017 [Issue:] 10 [Pages:] 113-121
Abstract: 
The cumulative growth rate of the German economy since reunification would have been around two percentage points higher if income inequality had remained constant. This is whatsimulations using the DIW Macroeconomic Model have shown. They were made under the assumption that the income distribution dynamics would not be influenced by any feedback effects of economic growth. In 2015, Germany's real GDP should have been 40 billion euros higher than it actually was. Private consumer demand, investment, and exports would all have risen faster if inequality - here measured by the Gini index of net household income - had remained at its 1991 level. At the same time, the trade surplus would not have grown asquickly. In fact, it curbed the effect of income inequality on GDP. The finding is not only relevant given the debate over imbalances in the euro area. It also clearly indicates that the discussion about the macroeconomic consequences of rising income inequality has excessively focused on its negative effects on GDP. Private consumption, infinitely more important to the German population's quality of life, will decline more sharply in the long run.
Subjects: 
income distribution
economic growth
macroeconomic imbalances
JEL: 
D31
E27
O15
Document Type: 
Article

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