Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/156104
Authors: 
Edel, Mirjam
Josua, Maria
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
GIGA Working Papers 299
Abstract: 
How do authoritarian rulers legitimate repressive actions against their own citizens? Even in autocracies with limited accountability, discursive justifications are often put forward to decrease the costs of domestic repression. Although the research depicts state repression as the opposite of legitimation, justified coercion against some groups may generate legitimacy in the eyes of other parts of the population. This paper conceptualises the suggested links between legitimation and repression. It studies the justifications of mass killings by integrating framing theory with recent research on the domestic and international dimensions of authoritarian rule. Given the common threats at the global level and the diffusion of repressive tactics, we assume that discursive justifications of repression in authoritarian regimes change over time, probably due to learning processes. We compare Egypt and Uzbekistan to analyse the government rhetoric in the Rabi'a and Ferghana Valley protest crackdowns, respectively, taking into account the audiences of the framing and the sources of the frames that justify repression.
Subjects: 
authoritarianism
protests
repression
state-society relations
framing
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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