Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/154257
Authors: 
Calza, Alessandro
Zaghini, Andrea
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
ECB Working Paper 1824
Abstract: 
We estimate the shoe-leather costs of inflation in the euro area using monetary data adjusted for holdings of euro banknotes abroad. While we find evidence of marginally negative shoe-leather costs for very low levels of the nominal interest rate, our estimates suggest that the shoe-leather costs are non-negligible even for relatively moderate levels of anticipated inflation. We conclude that, despite the increased circulation of euro banknotes abroad, in the euro area the inflation tax is still predominantly borne by domestic agents, with transfers of resources from abroad remaining small.
Subjects: 
currency abroad
euro
money demand
welfare cost of inflation
JEL: 
E41
C22
ISBN: 
978-92-899-1637-0
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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