Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/153866
Authors: 
Eichengreen, Barry
Mehl, Arnaud
Chiţu, Livia
Year of Publication: 
2012
Series/Report no.: 
ECB Working Paper 1433
Abstract: 
This paper offers new evidence on the emergence of the dollar as the leading international currency, focusing on its role as currency of denomination in global bond markets. We show that the dollar overtook sterling much earlier than commonly supposed, as early as in 1929. Financial market development appears to have been the main factor helping the dollar to surmount sterling’s head start. The finding that a shift from a unipolar to a multipolar international monetary and financial system has happened before suggests that it can happen again. That the shift occurred earlier than commonly believed suggests that the advantages of incumbency are not all they are cracked up to be. And that financial deepening was a key determinant of the dollar’s emergence points to the challenges facing currencies aspiring to international status.
Subjects: 
Foreign public debt
international currencies
international monetary system
network externalities
path dependency
role of the US dollar
JEL: 
F30
N20
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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