Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/153571
Authors: 
Carbó-Valverde, Santiago
Chakravorti, Sujit
Rodríguez Fernández, Francisco
Year of Publication: 
2009
Series/Report no.: 
ECB Working Paper 1137
Abstract: 
We study the effect of government encouraged or mandated interchange fee ceilings on consumer and merchant adoption and usage of payment cards in an economy where card acceptance is far from complete. We believe that we are the first to use bank-level data to study the impact of interchange fee regulation. We find that consumer and merchant welfare improved because of increased consumer and merchant adoption leading to greater usage of payment cards. We also find that bank revenues increased when interchange fees were reduced although these results are critically dependent on merchant acceptance being far from complete at the beginning and during the implementation of interchange fee ceilings. In addition, there is most likely a threshold interchange fee below which social welfare decreases although our data currently does not allow us to quantify it.
Subjects: 
consumer payment choice
merchant payment adoption
network competition
JEL: 
L11
G21
D53
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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