Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/152381
Authors: 
Assaad, Ragui
Year of Publication: 
2014
Citation: 
[Journal:] IZA Journal of Labor & Development [ISSN:] 2193-9020 [Volume:] 3 [Year:] 2014 [Pages:] 1-25
Abstract: 
It is well-established that Arab labor markets share certain common characteristics, including an oversized public sector, high youth unemployment, weak private sectors, rapidly growing but highly distorted educational attainment, and low and stagnant female labor force participation. I argue in this paper that all of these features can be explained by the deep and persistent dualism that characterizes Arab labor markets that resulted from the use of labor markets by Arab regimes as tool of political appeasement in the context of "authoritarian bargain" social contracts. Even as fiscal crises have long destabilized these arrangements in most non-oil Arab countries, culminating in the dramatic political upheavals of the Arab Spring, I argue that the enduring legacy of dualism will continue to strongly shape the production and deployment of human capital in Arab economies for some time.
Subjects: 
Labor market dualism
Arab Spring
Unemployment
Education
Authoritarian bargain
JEL: 
I25
J21
J24
J31
J45
O53
P52
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
Document Type: 
Article
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