Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/147943
Authors: 
De Paola, Maria
Gioia, Francesca
Scoppa, Vincenzo
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10257
Abstract: 
We investigate whether and how social ties affect performance in teams by implementing a field experiment in which a sample of undergraduate students are randomly assigned to either teams composed by friends or teams composed by individuals not linked by friendship relationships. Students undertake an intermediate exam divided into two parts: one graded on the basis of individual performance and the other graded on the basis of the team performance. We find that students assigned to socially connected teams perform significantly better than control students in both the team part and the individual part of the exam, suggesting that social ties are relevant both for solving free-riding problems and for inducing knowledge spillovers among teammates. The positive effect of friendship persists over time: treated students obtain better grades also in a second individual test after the conclusion of the experiment.
Subjects: 
team
free-riding
knowledge spillover
social ties
randomized field experiment
JEL: 
J33
J24
D82
D86
L14
C93
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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