Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/147870
Authors: 
Birk, Erica G.
Lee, Logan M.
Waddell, Glen R.
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10184
Abstract: 
A large literature attempts to identify factors that contribute to gender differences in performance and in the decision to compete. We exploit a highly competitive environment in which elite-female athletes are exposed to the presence of men without the element of direct competition, which allows for the identification of psychological effects of competition. Our results suggest that the presence of men affects the performance of female runners differentially across ability, with negative performance effects being concentrated among lower-ability runners.
Subjects: 
competition
competitiveness
athlete
gender
JEL: 
J16
D01
D03
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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