Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/147759
Authors: 
Cohen, Ivan K.
Ferretti, Fabrizio
McIntosh, Bryan
Year of Publication: 
2015
Citation: 
[Journal:] Cogent Economics & Finance [ISSN:] 2332-2039 [Volume:] 3 [Year:] 2015 [Issue:] 1 [Pages:] 1-10
Abstract: 
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are currently the leading cause of death worldwide. In this paper, we examine the channels through which economic growth affects NCDs' epidemiology. Following a production function approach, we develop a basic technique to break up the impact of economic growth on NCDs into three fundamental components: (1) a resource effect; (2) a behaviour effect; and (3) a knowledge effect. We demonstrate that each of these effects can be measured as the product of two elasticities, the output and income elasticity of the three leading factors influencing the frequency of NCDs in any population: health care, healthrelated behaviours and lifestyle, and medical knowledge.
Subjects: 
economic growth
Engel&#x2019
s functions
health production function
non-communicable diseases
social determinants of health
JEL: 
I1
I15
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Document Type: 
Article

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