Many economic models (e.g., computable general equilibrium models, econometric input-output models) revolve around a matrix of technical coefficients. However, these matrices can be estimated only once every 5 years as long as they are calculated from input-output tables and these are only published on a 5-year basis. Alternatively, use and make (or supply) tables are being regularly published on a yearly basis. However, they need to be converted into input-output tables as a previous step to form the matrix of technical coefficients. In doing so, this paper aims to shed light on the construction process of input-output tables and to guide economic modelers in making a decision on the way to make such conversion and how to deal with the subsequent problems, particularly with negative technical coefficients.
input-output analysis technical coefficients use and make tables input-output modeling