Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/146459
Authors: 
Araujo, María Caridad
Carneiro, Pedro M.
Cruz Aguayo, Yyannú
Schady, Norbert Rüdiger
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IDB Working Paper Series IDB-WP-665
Abstract: 
We assigned two cohorts of kindergarten students, totaling more than 24,000 children, to teachers within schools with a rule that is as-good-as-random. We collected data on children at the beginning of the school year, and applied 12 tests of math, language and executive function (EF) at the end of the year. All teachers were filmed teaching for a full day, and the videos were coded using a well-known classroom observation tool, the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (or CLASS). We find substantial classroom effects: A one-standard deviation increase in classroom quality results in 0.11, 0.11, and 0.07 standard deviation higher test scores in language, math, and EF, respectively. Teacher behaviors, as measured by the CLASS, are associated with higher test scores. Parents recognize better teachers, but do not change their behaviors appreciably to take account of differences in teacher quality.
Subjects: 
Teacher quality
learning
test scores
JEL: 
I24
I25
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo/legalcode
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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