This paper aims at analyzing the hinterland position of the German port of Hamburg in Central Europe. As a first step, we identify Koper and Gdansk ports that could act as potential competitors to the German ports, since they exhibit a dynamic development in container throughput over the last five years. As a next step, we compute the contestable economic potential of the hinterland from Hamburg, and from their possible emerging competitors, respectively, by using simple travel time matrices for different transport modes. Afterwards, we analyze the planned infrastructure improvements based on the EU's TEN-T projects. We show how much the economic potential can be increased due to infrastructure improvements, and how this affects the competitive position in hinterland transport. However, besides the hinterland infrastructure there are other determinants relevant for port competition; inter alia the clustering of logistic activities, efficiency of port operations, and liners connectivity.
TEN-T corridor transport infrastructure hinterland connections liner shipping port of Gdansk Hamburg and Koper travel time and connectivity