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van Suntum, Ulrich
Gedaschko, Axel
Voigtländer, Michael
Schrooten, Mechthild
Theurl, Theresia
Year of Publication: 
[Journal:] Wirtschaftsdienst [ISSN:] 1613-978X [Publisher:] Springer [Place:] Heidelberg [Volume:] 96 [Year:] 2016 [Issue:] 5 [Pages:] 307-325
Die hohen Flüchtlingszahlen und die wachsende Nachfrage nach Wohnungen in den Ballungsräumen haben die Politik veranlasst, die lange vernachlässigte öffentliche Wohnraumförderung wieder in den Blick zu nehmen. Um rasch neuen Wohnraum anzubieten, schlagen die Autoren unterschiedliche Maßnahmen vor. Dabei kommt es darauf an, sie effizient auf die Zielgruppe zuzuschneiden. Welche Gewichtung die Objekt- und die Subjektförderung dabei haben sollte, wird unterschiedlich bewertet. Genossenschaften sollten in dem Maßnahmenbündel nicht vergessen werden.
Abstract (Translated): 
In Germany, in times of extreme low interest rates there is a boom in housing construction, housing demand and housing prices. In order to relieve the housing market, the Federal Government is planning to expand the funding for social housing considerably. Affordable housing has been decreasing in German metropolitan areas in recent years, the same applies to social housing. Meanwhile, the demand for dwellings in the lower and middle price segment is rising, partly due to an increased migration rate. This is why a strong social housing promotion needs to be combined with an effective direct subsidy, such as a dynamic housing allowance. However, the targeting of social housing is highly inaccurate. Thus, it would be better to strengthen housing allowances and to help lowincome households to purchase homes in order to reduce living costs. Nowadays, property credits stabilize the banking sector. However, just a small increase in interest rates could result in a new financial crash. Ever since their foundation, housing cooperatives have created affordable private dwellings and a safe living place for their members. They are able to produce not only tenants but owners of the dwellings. Thus public assistance schemes and subsidies should not exclude housing cooperatives.
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