Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/145170
Authors: 
Hummels, David
Munch, Jakob R.
Xiang, Chong
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10036
Abstract: 
Increased job effort can raise productivity and income but put workers at increased risk of illness and injury. We combine Danish data on individuals' health with Danish matched worker-firm data to understand how rising exports affect individual workers' effort, injury, and illness. We find that when firm exports rise for exogenous reasons: 1. Workers work longer hours and take fewer sick-leave days; 2. Workers have higher rates of injury, both overall and correcting for hours worked; and 3. Women have higher sickness rates. For example, a 10% exogenous increase in exports increases women's rates of injury by 6.4%, and hospitalizations due to heart attacks or strokes by 15%. Finally, we develop a novel framework to calculate the marginal dis-utility of any non-fatal disease, such as heart attacks, and to aggregate across multiple types of sickness conditions and injury to compute the total utility loss. While the ex-ante utility loss for the average worker is small relative to the wage gain from rising exports, the ex-post utility loss is much larger for those who actually get injured or sick.
Subjects: 
demand shocks
worker effort
health
JEL: 
I1
F1
J2
F6
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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