Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/145167
Authors: 
Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina
Huttunen, Kristiina
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10033
Abstract: 
We analyse the effects of imports on employment and earnings by distinguishing between import competition in final products and firms' use of imports in production (offshoring). We use Finnish worker-firm data merged with product-level trade data. We focus on Chinese imports and instrument them by changes in China's share of world exports to other EU countries. Both types of importing increase the job loss risk for all workers and, in particular, for workers in production occupations. An increase in import competition has larger negative effects than an increase in offshoring. Production workers suffer the largest earnings losses, while for high- skilled workers the wage-effect is positive.
Subjects: 
offshoring
import competition
employment
earnings
JEL: 
F16
J23
J31
J63
L23
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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